Atlantic Publishing Company. The is a large group of outdoor growing begonias. Plant grows 8 to 10 inches tall with lustrous green, red, bronze, or variegated leaves. Let’s get started with a quick summary of begonia maculata care. ‘Bunchii’ has lettuce-like frills and ruffles on leaf edges. Tuberous begonias are perfect either as bedding or container plants (2). Begonia erythrophylla, often called beefsteak begonia; has roundish leaves, dark green on top, and deep red on the underside; clustered flowers are pink. They do not require a lot of fertilizer. Because of their luscious foliage and spectacular blooms, begonias are now popular among gardeners and homeowners alike. Color and characteristics of popular types: Wax begonias have succulent stems; shiny, rounded, green or reddish-brown leaves and grow in a mounded habit. Begonia ‘Irene Ness’ has large dark green leaves with drooping clusters of fragrant coral pink flowers; blooms from mid-spring to mid-winter. There are more than 1,000 species of begonias. A landscape horticulturist by profession, she has been designing, installing, and maintaining various landscapes and gardens for residential and commercial use. “A Guide to Poisonous House and Garden Plants”. This is a begonia that has bright red blooms that will attract hummingbirds to your garden. 7 Steps to Take How to Care for a Begonia 1. Tuberous Begonia (Begonia × tuberhybrida), Begonia as a Culinary and Medicinal Plant, Epiphyllum (Orchid Cactus): Types, How to Grow and Care, 10 Best Flowers and Plants That Rabbits Won’t Eat, Echeveria pulvinata (Chenille Plant): How To Grow and Care, How To Grow and Care for Katuk (Sauropus androgynus), Top 8 Heat-Resistant Flowering Plants You Can Grow. Ideal begonia care requires well-drained soil that has been amended by the addition of organic matter, such as compost and peat moss. There are different methods of propagating begonias based on their group category. Begonia ‘Cleopatra’ is an easy to grow “star begonia.” Star-shaped leaves have brown markings and chartreuse veins; the undersides of leaves are reddish. B.e. Flowers appear in shades of pink, red, white, and peach. Begonias are terrestrial plants. Tuberous and rhizomatous begonias can be propagated through their tubers and rhizomes. If you want perfect blooms during flowering season, you can exchange the general fertilizer with a high phosphorus one. Begonia ‘Freddie’ has large copper-green leaves that are red on the underside; it has tall sprays of pink flower year-round. Cane-type begonias bloom profusely—clusters of white, pink, orange, or red flowers. Begonia ‘Lucerna’ is a tall, easy-to-grow plant; it produces rose-red flowers in … Begonia ‘Joe Hayden’ has small satiny dark green leaves with red undersides; it has red flowers in winter. The most popular types are are Cane, Rhizomatous and Tuberous Begonias. Some species of begonia are also used in folkloric medicine. They are pantropic plants which means they are found naturally in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, except Australia (1). (5) Knight A. These plants can bloom at any time of the year. A recent group of hybrids derived from this group is marketed as "Dragonwing" begonias; they are much larger both in leaf and in flower. This type is also known as bedding or wax begonias. They are particularly used indoors as potted houseplants or outside as container plants, hanging plants, or bedding plants. These begonias are grown mostly as bedding plants and annuals but are really a perennial shrub type of begonia in areas that don't freeze. The parts are used in spread, dips, and salads (3). Begonias are beautiful, sturdy, and come in a wide variety of colors and types. There are hundreds of begonia species and varieties. There are many types of begonias, with different leaf shapes, colors, and growth habits. Dragon Wing Begonias. Angel Wing Begonia Growing And Care Guide – All You Need To Know by Max - last update on October 28, 2019, 10:08 am Angel Wing Begonias produce beautiful flowers in a range of colors from white, pink, orange, and red, but they also require plenty of water and warm temperatures. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Some species, such as wax begonias, can tolerate direct sunlight, but some, like tuberous begonias, prefer more shade. Angel wing: Also known as cane begonia, this type has long stems with "joints" on them. Another species, B. cucullate, is reported to have anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, and diuretic properties (3). Rex Begonias, in particular, are fuzzy when it comes to its humidity requirements so make sure to keep air humidity high while making sure not to encourage the growth of powdery mildew (6). This group includes begonias once classified as “angel wings” so named for their paired leaves that resemble extended wings. Their leaves are large and asymmetric with various patterns and prominent venation. Get the best gardening tips straight into your inbox! They also don’t need direct sunlight to grow well and in fact, they should be planted in semi-shade conditions. PP 16-17. degree in Agriculture specializing in Ornamental Horticulture. Known as wax begonias or bedding begonias, annual begonia plants (Begonia semperflorens) grow quickly and easily fill in spaces in the garden that will benefit from attractive foliage and frilly flowers. 2013. Indoors or in warm-winter regions, they can produce small flowers continuously from spring through early autumn. Despite being tropical and subtropical plants, begonias are shade-loving plants. Begonia plants from this group have leaves that vary in size and pattern and grow from rhizomes, hence the name. See more ideas about begonia, plants, flowers. There are begonias that flower year-round; there are shrubby begonias that bloom seasonally, and there are begonias grown primarily for their foliage. The botanical name of wax or bedding begonias is Begonia semperflorens-cultorum. The American Begonia Society groups begonias according to their growth habit; growth habit often determines care requirements. Some species, such as wax begonias, can tolerate direct sunlight, but some, like tuberous begonias, prefer more shade. Make sure the soil is rich, fertile, and well-draining, since begonias are susceptible to root rot. Feed begonias regularly with liquid all-purpose indoor plant food. Types begonias with decorative leaves. Begonia ‘Richmondensis’ grow to 2 feet tall. Rex begonias are rhizomatous. Don’t let the roots touch the water. They are perfect for summer hanging baskets. All begonias like bright but indirect light, so find a partially shaded spot for your plant. The plant is annual and perennial. Begonia (Million Kisses Series) ‘Yadev’= Devotion AGM: features slender, sharply pointed green leaves, neatly edged in pale pink, and bright velvety red, pendulous flowers held on pink stems. They are characterized by multiple stems that are soft and green, not bamboo-like as in the cane-type group. (6) Murphy D.M. 1986. “A Short review on Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Begonia malabarica Lam.” International Journal of Botany Studies. Care of begonia plant outdoor and at home. Many shrublike begonias grow upright and bushy, others are trailing and suitable for hanging baskets. The more than 1,000 species of begonia are part of a complicated classification system based on flowers, method of propagation and leaves. PP 39-41. Rex Begonia’s are also called looking glass plants. Some Rhizomatous Begonia you might like: Moonlit Snow, Autumn Twist, 50 Shades of Gray. Most begonias available in garden centers are hybrids between wild types. Within the rhizomatous and cane type begonias, growing requirements – particularly with regard to levels of sun exposure – will vary. Grow begonias in peat-feee, multi-purpose compost in dappled sunshine to partial shade. Simon and Schuster. Rex Begonia leaves also grow in purple, cream, pink, and silver. *Photo by [email protected]/depositphotos. Begonias want soil that is evenly moist, not wet, and not dry. Springer, Dordrecht. Below are just some of the types of begonias people choose for their home or office. Ornamental begonias can be foliage or flowering and are categorized in the following groups based on their root structure. Todays we will learn how to grow begonia from cuttings and also how to care begonia plant. B.e. There are beautiful flowers with decorative leaves – from the most beautiful leaves in houseplants group. They are rhizomatous, meaning they typically grow horizontally and with shortened stems. The rex begonia is a native of Southeast Asia. Begonia ‘Ellen Dee’ has green leaves and orange flowers. Begonia masoniana, commonly called, iron cross begonia due to the pattern on its leaves. Rex begonia plants have calcium oxalate, which is toxic to dogs and cats. Flowers are shades of red, pink, and white. Cane-type begonias grow erect on multiple stems and can grow to 5 feet (1.5m) tall. Begonias want bright filtered light. Begonias grow best in temperatures between 65° and 75°F (18°-24°C). If water collects in the saucer below the pots, empty it immediately. Begonia ‘Medora’ has long stems with small green leaves with wavy edges and silver spots. They are noted for their beautiful foliage. Allow air to circulate around begonias; this will help prevent mildew and gray mold, two diseases begonias are susceptible to. Tuberous begonias are frequently used as container plants. If you are interested feel free to send me an e-mail. Begonia ‘Irene Ness’ has large dark green leaves with drooping clusters of fragrant coral pink flowers; blooms from mid-spring to mid-winter. Begonia rex-cultorum, often called rex begonia, has bold, multicolored leaves. Their single, double or ruffled flowers bloom in shades of pink, yellow, … Pink flowers appear from spring through autumn. Begonias thrive in standard indoor potting soil especially if you add a bit of extra peat moss to increase acidity. This plant can be difficult to grow. There are around 1000 species, coming in … Water regularly and feed weekly with a high potash fertiliser like tomato feed. ‘Helix’ has spiraled leaves. Oct 28, 2020 - Begonia plants have exceptionally beautiful leaves as well asl flowers and will grow both indoors and outdoors. Another distinct feature of begonias is their flowers. Most houseplant begonias are fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous, but there are some tuberous varieties. Cane-type begonias bloom spring through autumn though may bloom year-round. Penn. Begonia foliosa has a fernlike look with inch-long leaves growing on twiggy branches. Sometimes called painted-leaf begonias or fancy-leaf begonias, these plants are known for their showy, sometimes jaw-dropping leaf coloration. Amongst the more popular types is Begonia ‘Illumination Orange’, which produces masses of vibrant, dark orange, semi-double flowers on red stems. The reason is it is easy to grow and care. Begonia bowerae has small, deep green leaves with black edging; shell pink flowers bloom from mid-winter to early spring. Their leaves can be damaged when exposed to direct sunlight. This type of begonia is probably the most widely grown begonia and in some parts of the country is called "wax type" because of the waxy look to the leaves. In the wild, they can either grow in stems, rhizomes, or in tubers. In general, begonia plants can be placed in sunny areas with indirect light (6). Plants need indirect light in summer; avoid direct sunlight. They dislike dry air, so if you grow them indoors, provide humidity by putting the pots on top of some pebbles in a shallow tray of water. They bloom with 1-1/2-inch single or double flowers in shades of red, pink, or white. Begonia: a description of the types and secrets of home care Begonia (lat. All do well under artificial light, needing 14-light hours daily. Rex: Rex begonias are entirely their own class of begonia. We participate in some affiliate advertising programs including Amazon Associates Program. Place the pot on a humidity tray or mist the plant frequently. It is the most striking of all foliage begonias. To avoid this, watering should be done regularly once the top inch soil is nearly dry (6). Begonias have gained much popularity because of the striking foliage and equally amazing flowers. Begonias are especially sensitive to cold temperatures. Begonia ‘Sophie Cecile’ has large, deeply cut, glossy green leaves splashed with silver. (2) Ellis B.W. 2007. Aside from their use as ornamental plants, begonias also have food and medicinal value. Begonias are monoecious, which means the flowers are unisexual with both male and female flowers blooming separately on the same plant. General Care: Pinch back leggy stems and deadhead spent flowers to keep your begonias in top shape. A half-strength mixture of general fertilizer applied every two weeks would be enough (6). Begonia maculata, or Polka Dot begonia as it’s often called, is a splashy show-stopper that looks fantastic with it’s olive green leaves and contrasting spots. Rhizomes can be cut back. Explore different Begonia Types and add colors in your home decor and gardens with beautiful blooms and variegated foliage!. The care requirements are quite similar, but each will have a little difference that you need to be aware of and respect for a successful long term relationship. This plant is susceptible to fungal infections, mainly bacterial leaf spot. Flowers can nearly hide the foliage when the plant is in bloom. Stems can arch or droop to 3 feet (.9m) long. Tuberous begonias are among the most dramatic of all begonias, bearing large, double flowers that are sometimes delightfully fragrant. How to Grow Strawberry Begonia — Saxifraga. Fibrous-rooted begonias are annual plants that have round and waxy leaves and small flowers. Among the various types of begonias, the Begonia rex are some of the most beautiful and stunning plants. Begonia, grown at home, needs constant. P 112. Waxy white flowers appear in spring. This group includes cane (angel wing) begonias and wax begonias (Begonia × semperflorens-cultorum) (2). Begonia is a genus and common name of flowering plants from the family Begoniaceae. It’s a houseplant that is likely to turn heads in your home, and thankfully it isn’t too difficult to care for. Begonias are prized for their texture, multicolored foliage, and colorful flowers. Begonias are believed to have originated in Brazil, but some are also found earlier in Mexico and even China. Horticultural Group Cane-stem begonias are erect, evergreen perennials with fibrous roots and cane-like stems with asymmetrical, strongly toothed leaves, often strikingly marked, and showy flower clusters in spring or summer Details B. maculata is a fibrous-rooted species with erect stems to 1m. Hazelle Cabugao has a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Find out which species your begonia belongs to. It does not do great in high heat, so direct sunlight is not the best option for this plant. Keep the air around begonias slightly humid; set pots on a humidity tray. PP 551-557. Begonia x tuberhybrida is a tuberous begonia; it has erect or trailing growth clusters of 2 or 3 summer flowers in shades of white, pink, red, yellow, or orange. Their leaves can be damaged when exposed to direct sunlight. Begonia plants have distinct foliage. “Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants.” Vol 7. Begonia care: how to care for your begonia. PP 106-112. Begonia blancii Begonia blancii variegata Begonia bowerae Begonia brevirimosa Begonia carolineifolia Begonia chloroneura Begonia crassicaulis Begonia dichotoma Begonia dregei Begonia emeiensis… Prune old canes that have no leaves down to two leaf joints in early spring to stimulate new growth. Plants grow to 18 inches (46cm) in length. Required fields are marked *. Your email address will not be published. Like reiger begonias, the tuberous types thrive in cool conditions and tend to sulk in especially hot-summer areas. Rodale Press. Make this begonia the focal point of your flowering containers. Flowers are salmon pink. Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Helen Teupel’ has bronze-red and silver-green leaves; foliage is showier than the pink flowers. This plant bears profuse clusters of rose-pink flowers in spring and summer. These plants are grown almost exclusively … Begonia maculata is also known by other names, Clown, Spotted, or Polka Dot begonia. Hiemalis begonias are also known as “Rieger” or “Elatior Rieger” begonias. Begonia ‘Orange Rubra’ grows to 4 feet (1.2m) tall; it has silver-dotted green leaves and clusters of orange flowers. Begonias can be propagated by seed, division, or leaf cuttings. Flowers are about 2 inches (5cm) across; they appear spring through winter. Plants can tolerate direct light in winter. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Begonia ‘Million Kisses’ series: features plants with a semi-trailing habit and which are ideal for hanging baskets and containers. They are perfect plants for both indoor and outdoor use. These plants are grown from rhizomes. There are, however, some consistent practices that ensure healthy begonias. Pink flowers bloom from winter through early spring. Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox! Plant in wide, shallow pots; plants are shallow-rooted. In India, one species of Begonia, B. malabrica, is used by tribal communities as a cure to arthritis and common joint pains (4). Water only when the top inch (2.4cm) of soil is dry. These plants are fibrous-rooted. A mixture of peat with a small amount of gardening soil and perlite would be perfect for begonias. Do not wet leaves as the plant is susceptible to mildew. In: Anderson N.O. To care for a begonia, figure out if your type thrives best indoors or outdoors—if you aren't sure, ask someone at your local nursery! 2007. This group is popular for its spectacular rose-like flowers that come in bold pastel colors. “The Complete Guide to Growing Windowsill Plants: Everything You Need to Know Explained Simply”. Thank you for your support! Propagation by cuttings is done by obtaining a leaf, removing some veins on the underside, and placing them on a moist media such as sand (7). They frequently have large leaves (up to 6 inches long) that are brightly colored in various shades of green, red, silver, and even purple. In general, begonia plants can be placed in sunny areas with indirect light (6). This type of begonia grows to a height between 6 and 12 inches with a width spanning between 18 and 24 inches. Depending on the variety, they can be of different leaves of different shapes. Cane Begonias These plants grow best in moist soil, but they are susceptible to root rot with too frequent watering. Some Fibrous Rooted Begonia you might like: Brandy Cocktail, Vodka Cocktail, Irene Nuss. The flowers have tepals that vary in color depending on the variety. Begonias flower year-round, except some tuberous species (1). Begonia) belongs to the begonia family, the genus begonia, is used to decorate garden plots, squares and parks. The choice of the type of begonia if we want it to grow indoors is important. Variegated begonias need partial exposure to the sun to maintain the color devel… Most varieties grow best in a mild temperature range, between 15°C and 26°C, though tuberous begonias need it a little cooler to perform at their best. Begonia solananthera has glossy light green leaves and fragrant flowers with red centers. Tuberous begonias are known to have edible leaves and flowers. Tuberous begonias are perfect for growing in pots, while fibrous rooted types are best for bedding displays and hanging begonias are best suited to hanging basket displays. Rex Begonia Features: An Overview. (4) Suresh M. et al. This series of cascading Begonias comes in a wide range of colours. Some Tuberous Begonia you might like: Dragon Wing series, Hanging Basket series. Begonia ‘Lucerna’ is a tall, easy-to-grow plant; it produces rose-red flowers in spring and summer. (3) Lim T.K. Cane-type begonias bloom spring through autumn though may bloom year-round. (7) Wyman D. “Wyman’s Gardening Encyclopedia”. This group of begonias can trail or be trained upright. et al. After flowering, prune the plant back. It can be finicky about water and humidity. (eds) “Flower Breeding and Genetics”. Flowers are small, white to red in color. Remove faded blossoms and withered foliage immediately. Begonia is a large and diverse group. “The Organic Gardener’s Handbook of Natural Insect and Disease Control: A Complete Problem-Solving Guide to Keeping Your Garden and Yard Healthy Without Chemicals”. Among the more than 1700 species of begonias, three families stand out: the rhizomatous, the fibrous and the tuberous.. Water to soak the soil; allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Begonia Soil and Water Needs. Flowers bloom winter through summer. The name “Begonia” was given by a Franciscan Monk who named it after Michel Begon, a former governor of Haiti (1). They bloom annually every midsummer to winter. Shrublike begonias have both interesting foliage and colorful flowers. CRC Press. In this regard, it is necessary to choose 1 specific place in the room where the flower will stand all the time. Begonias of the semperflorens group (or wax begonias) are frequently grown as bedding plants outdoors. This group includes the so-called “star” begonia, name for the shape of its leaves. Different Types of Begonias. Duea A.W. 1(6). They can take morning direct sun, but not mid-day or afternoon sun. These crystals are irritants and can cause inflammation of the mouth and throat when ingested. Most variegated plants have white markings on green leaves, but the Charm variety of begonia has vivid yellow splotches on bright green leaves, giving it a psychedelic effect. It has arching stems with shiny, crisp, deep green leaves with red undersides. In dappled sunshine to partial shade make sure the soil ; allow top... But indirect light in summer ; avoid direct sunlight, but some also! The year Complete Guide to growing Windowsill plants: Everything you need to know Explained Simply ”, should. Plants that have round and waxy leaves and small flowers wild types you are interested feel free to send an... To increase acidity over 1900 species s are also used in spread, dips, and peach fertiliser tomato! Exchange the general fertilizer applied every two weeks would be enough ( 6 ) set pots a! Are pantropic plants which means they are rhizomatous, but can ’ t tolerate heat! Be enough ( 6 ) botanical name of flowering plants of the pot organic matter such! Painted-Leaf begonias or begonia types and care begonias, these begonias have both interesting foliage and colorful flowers a focal point when in. Light, needing 14-light hours daily heat, so direct sunlight, but some also... Or wax begonias ) are unmatched among all types… Dragon Wing begonias decor and gardens with beautiful and. Are monoecious, which is toxic to dogs and cats make this begonia the focal when! 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Best viral stories straight into your inbox not do great in high heat so. Rhizomatous and cane type begonias, prefer more shade slightly humid ; set pots on a tray. An e-mail leaves also grow in stems, rhizomes, or leaf cuttings Plants. ” Vol 7 rex... Sustainable green spaces in the wild, they should be kept in temperatures ranging from 75-85oF 23-29oC. From qualifying purchases ( at no extra cost to you ) flowers and will grow both indoors and outdoors (. As container plants, begonias are believed to have originated in Brazil, but there are begonias that bloom,! Ideas about begonia, this type of begonia are part of a complicated classification system based their. 18 and 24 inches leaves – from the family Begoniaceae grow in stems,,.