No other peak on earth, except Mount Everest, is further away from a higher peak--you have to travel over 10,250 miles to the Hindu Kush Mountains of Pakistan to find higher ground when traveling from Aconcagua. The Fourteen Coloured Mountain, known locally as ‘Hornacal’, in Northern Argentina is just one of those places. Many of the highest mountains in Chile lie along the Chile/Argentina border – including the world’s highest volcano and Chile’s highest peak: Ojos del Salado. The mountain and the surrounding area is home to diverse flora and fauna species. The stratovolcano, which is shared with Argentina, is part of the Andean ranges and lies within the Atacama Desert. Its name possibly originated from the Quechua Ackon Cahuak (“Sentinel of Stone”). Adventure Alternative offers trips up two of Aconcagua's non-technical routes. It is the highest mountain in the Americas and the highest outside of Asia, being the highest in both the Southern and Western Hemispheres with a summit elevation of 6,960.8 metres. Argentina is divided into seven geographical regions with diverse natural beauty. The highest mountain on the Americas is a once in a lifetime experience. Lace your climbing boots tight, because this quiz will test whether you can conquer the highest peaks of knowledge. The summit straddles the international border between Argentina and Chile and can be reached from either side. Other famously high mountains in Argentina include Cerro Bonete, Llullaillaco, Mercedario, Incahuasi, Tupungato, Reclus, and Antofalla. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Kosciusko is Australia's highest mountain. Monte Pissis is the third highest mountain in the Western Hemisphere at an elevation of 22,293 feet. However, don't let its height fool you. These mountains are discussed below. At 6,961m (22,837ft), Aconcagua is the highest mountain I've climbed. Omissions? Aconcagua is of volcanic origin, but it is not itself an active volcano. It is more than 6,706 meters (22,000 feet) high, though the exact height of its highest peak has … Top Argentina Mountains: See reviews and photos of mountains in Argentina, South America on Tripadvisor. This member of the Andes Range is bounded by the Valle de las Vacas to the north and east and the Valle de los Horcones Inferior to the West and South. The mountain was named after a French geologist, Pedro Jose Amedeo Pissis. Highest Mountain in the 48 Contiguous United States Whitney, California: 14,494 feet / 4418 meters Highest Mountain in South America Aconcagua, Argentina: 22,834 feet / 6960 meters Lowest Point in the World (and Asia) Dead Sea shore, Israel-Jordan: 1369 feet / 417.5 meters below sea level By John Misachi on April 25 2017 in Environment. Cuerno (5450m), Mt. Mirador (5800m) and Mt. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It is also the highest mountain in Chile and the second highest in Argentina. The range runs all the way from Venezuela down to southern Chile and Argentina, with about 1,100 miles contained within Peru. Aconcagua is the highest mountain in the Americas. Of course, normal precautions and an understanding of mountain safety need to be observed, however, there are routes up the mountain that do not require ropes. Aconcagua is widely accepted as the highest peak in the Western Hemisphere, but its precise elevation has been debated since the early 20th century. Questions » Geography » South America » Argentina » 9 for 10 - Argentina. Aconcagua is situated within the Provincial Park of Aconcagua, in Argentina. There are about 3,500 climbers trying the summit each year (info from 2002). Enjoy! Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Mount-Aconcagua, LiveScience - Aconcagua: Highest Mountain in South America, Aconcagua - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Aconcagua in Argentina, at 6,961m (22,837ft), is South America’s highest mountain and one of the seven summits (the seven peaks that make up the highest point on every continent). We travelled with Inka Expediciones and that was a great decision. This means that some of them are quite difficult to climb and require a certain level of technical knowledge in mountaineering. Five-thousanders: at least 5,000 meters (16,404 feet) but less than 6,000 meters 3. What Type Of Government Does Argentina Have? Updates? Argentina has several rather gigantic mountains on its territory. Aconcagua does not require technical mountaineering knowledge to be conquered. The list is based on info from Andes.org.uk and PeakBagger.com. The mountain received little attention because it was very tall and remote. Aconcagua is located in Argentina, in the province of Mendoza, and lies 70 miles (112 kilometers) northwest of the provincial capital, Mendoza, and 9.3 miles (15 km) from the border with Chile. It is the world’s highest active volcano at an elevation of 22,615 feet above the sea level. The mountain and its surrounding form part of the Aconcagua National Park. Below you’ll find a list of the highest mountains in Chile. The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution. Mount Aconcagua, mountain in western Mendoza province, west-central Argentina, on the Chilean border. Aconcagua is one of the world’s great mountains. It is located in the Andes mountain range, in the Argentine province of Mendoza and it lies 112 kilometres (70 mi) west by north of its capital, the city of Mendoza. Monte Pissis was first climbed in 1985. Climbing #Aconcagua in Argentina via the Normal Route. I’ve always had a … A C D E G H I L M N P R S T U V. Use search box below to find mountains in Argentina. A View of Aconcagua, Argentina - October 2011 One of the reasons for heading through Mendoza on this trip was to photograph Aconcagua , the highest mountain in the western hemisphere. Fuss free administration, amazing staff, excellent logistics on the mountain. Aconcagua is the highest mountain located outside of Asia, and the highest peak in both the Southern and Western Hemispheres. Not for beginners but if you have had experience climbing and trekking at high altitude, you may want to consider this expedition. It rises up in the Mendoza Province, to a height of 22,837 feet (6,960.8 m) above sea level. In January 2001 a team of scientists led by Italian geologist Giorgio Poretti measured Aconcagua’s height using advanced Global Positioning System (GPS) technology and reported an elevation of 22,840 feet (6,962 metres), plus or minus 16 feet (5 metres). The highest mountain in South America is a six-thousander. It has two summits—north and south—connected by a ridge (Cresta del Guanaco) that is about 0.6 mile (1 km) long. The crater lake is possibly the highest of its kind in the world. It is one of the Seven Summits. Six-thousanders: at least 6,000 meters (19,685 feet) but less than 7,000 meters 2. Aconcagua expedition. It is an extinct volcano located north of Aconcagua in La Rioja Province. The Andes are one of the world’s longest continental mountain ranges. Aconcagua is of volcanic origin, but it is not itself an active volcano. All above 1000 m (3281 ft) Highest 10 mountains. Located near the famous Quebrada de Humahuaca, a UNESCO World Heritage site, the 14 Colour Mountain or the Rainbow mountain is one of the area’s most beautiful and yet – … Catedral (5200m), to Mt. Interesting Information: Aconcagua in the Andes is also the highest mountain in all South America. The name of the mountain translates to “Eyes of the Salty One” because of the salt deposits that appear similar to eyes on the glaciers. Though I have little desire to actually climb the peak, I was hoping to do some hikes in the valleys around the peak. Aconcagua is one of the Seven Summits and is a mighty peak in the middle of the Andes mountain Range. This mountain in Argentina stands at an impressive height of 23,837 feet or 6,962 metres. The first attempted ascent, made in 1883, failed; the highest (north) summit was first reached in 1897 by Swiss climber Matthias Zurbriggen. The most recent volcanic activity on Ojos del Salado took place 1,300 years ago. We offer guided climbs on both major routes of this peak, and the main season is from December to the end of February. As such, it is listed as a protected area. Four-thousanders: at least 4,000 meters (13,123 feet) but less than 5,000 meters (16,… Aconcagua is the highest non-technical mountain in the world for climbers. It is the highest point in the Western Hemisphere. In which country are the Southern Alps located? The answer is: Aconcagua. Aconcagua is the highest mountain in South America, in the western hemisphere, and in the southern hemisphere, too. The 22,638-foot mountain is located in the Andes Mountain Range in the Mendoza Province. The mountain lacks true glaciers due to aridity of the Atacama Desert. What is the highest mountain range in South America? Mount Aconcagua in Argentina is the southern hemisphere’s highest mountain, and the highest mountain in the world outside Asia. The ascent takes around 14-18 days depending on the weather. Geography Main article: Geography of Argentina Aconcagua is the highest mountain outside of Asia, at 6,960.8 metres (22,837 ft), and the highest point in the Southern Hemisphere. Aconcagua is a mountain in the Principal Cordillera of the Andes mountain range, in Mendoza Province, Argentina. Despite the dry condition, the mountain has a crater lake of about 100 meter in diameter at an elevation of 20,960 feet. It has two summits, one in Argentina and the other in Chile, with the borderline between the two countries running between the two summits. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The history of the mountain is divided into three basic periods Jurassic Period, Mesozoic Sequence, and Cenozoic Era. Its peak is the most glaciated in the desert, but the glacier is smaller compared to the size of the mountain. It rises 6,959 metres (22,841ft) up into Argentina’s sky in the Andes. Ameghino (5800m),to name but a few. The southern summit has been measured at 22,736 feet (6,930 metres). Expedition the highest mountain of South America - Argentina: Mountain Guide Julver Eguiluz Castro About Aconcagua route 360: Mt Aconcagua is the center and main motive of the Aconcagua Provincial Park , one of the most spectacular protected areas of the Republic of Argentina . Aconcagua is the highest mountain in the Western hemisphere, located in western Argentina, near the Chile border. Ojos del Salado, the second highest mountain in the Andes, is also the highest mountain in Chile and, reputedly, the highest volcano in the world. One of the outstanding geographical features of Argentina is the mountains. What is the highest mountain in Argentina called? Argentina has a mainland surface area of almost 2.8 million square kilometers, making it the world’s eighth largest country and Latin America’s second largest. Mount Aconcagua, Spanish Cerro Aconcagua, mountain in western Mendoza province, west-central Argentina, on the Chilean border. In fact, technically there are two summits, an Argentine summit and a Chilean summit. Ojos del Salado experiences dry conditions due to its location near the Atacama Desert. The Military Geographical Institute of Argentina documents its highest summit as 22,831 feet (6,959 metres) above sea level, a figure that has been in general use. Corrections? The Chappal Waddi mountain, popularly called the Gangirwal Mountain is the highest point in Nigeria and West Africa (excluding Cameroon as it is in Central Africa).It is also called the mountain of death and located in Taraba state which lies largely within the middle of Nigeria and consists of undulating landscape dotted with a few mountainous features. Its summit is 5 kilometers from San Juan Province and 15 kilometers from the border with Chile. These mountains are famous as hiking and sight-seeing spots for tourist. Aconcagua is the highest mountain located outside of Asia, and the highest peak in both the Southern and Western Hemispheres. It shares borders with Chile, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay, and South Atlantic Ocean. Aconcagua is the highest peak in the Western Hemisphere. It is surrounded by a large number of high peaks, from Mt. Some of these mountains are volcanic in origin.…. Here is a list of the highest mountains in Chile: 1. Aconcagua is the highest mountain in the Americas at 6,959 m (22,841 ft). Monte Pissis also has dry conditions due to its location in the Atacama Desert. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. Argentina is home to the world’s highest peak outside of Asia: Aconcagua. The Cerro Aconcagua in Argentina is the highest mountain in the Americas, the highest in the Southern Hemisphere, and the highest peak outside of Asia. The 'Normal Route' is non-technical - a walk-up, following the Northwest Ridge. 1. The highest elevation in Argentina is Aconcagua in the province of Mendoza at 22,838 feet above the sea level while the lowest elevation is the Laguna del Carbon in Santa Cruz Province with an elevation of -344 feet below sea level. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Aconcagua, the highest mountain in the Americas, Argentina. Aconcagua lies in the Southern Andes Mountains; although its peak is in Argentina, its western flanks build up from the coastal lowlands of Chile, just north of Santiago. Height: 6962m Location: Argentina Aconcagua (we’ll let you create your own pronunciation) not only takes the number one spot on the coveted list of South America’s highest mountains, but it’s also the highest mountain situated outside of … One of the outstanding geographical features of Argentina is the mountains. Argentina Flag | Pixabay Image. The highest peak of all the climbs in the Andes and the highest in South America,and indeed the highest mountain in the world outside the Himalayas is Mount Aconcagua in Argentina. It is the highest point in the Western Hemisphere, but its precise elevation has been debated since the early 20th century. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. However, despite the easy climbing, the effects of altitude are adverse with altitude sickness affecting most climbers. Although this new figure has been widely reported, it is not officially recognized by Argentina’s government or by the National Geographic Society in the United States. Ojos del Salado is a stratovolcano on the border between Argentina and Chile. The 22,638-foot mountain is located in the Andes Mountain Range in the Mendoza Province. Highest rated places of interest or tour operators on Tripadvisor, based on traveler reviews. Highest 100 mountains. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In South America, the elevations of the mountains are typically referred to in meters. They are also habitats for diverse flora and fauna. The prominent peak offers opportunities for travel ac… In fact, not one of the 10 highest mountains in this country falls below 6500 meters. Cerro Aconcagua, often referred to as simply Aconcagua, is a mountain in Argentina near its border with Chile. What Are The Highest Mountains In Argentina? Pictured: Aconcagua, the highest mountain in South America. The Lincancabur mountain, located between Chile and Bolivia, has been rightly referred to be in Argentina under the name Lincancaur with a height of 6,620 m;this mountain does exist. They are usually referred to as n-thousanders. The following table lists the highest mountain peaks of the world including mountain name, mountain range, vertical height, and location, according to the National … South America’s highest mountain, Aconcagua (22,831 feet [6,959 metres]), lies in the Northwest, together with a number of other peaks that reach over 21,000 feet (6,400 metres). Highest Mountains Aconcagua. This mountain range is the longest in the world and, for some time, was believed to be the tallest too, such is its scale. Even mountains smaller than 3281 ft. Aconcagua 6962 m. Cerro Bonete 6872 m. Monte Pissis 6779 m. Despite being the highest mountain in the Americas, in fact the highest mountain outside of the Himalayas, it is also relatively straightforward to climb with almost no technical sections. The mountain lies completely within Argentina and, unlike many other Andean peaks, does not sit on the international border with Chile. 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